Is deception Helpful of deceitful?

The definition of Deception is: 1) the act of deceiving; the state of being deceived. 2) Something that deceives  or is intended to deceive;  fraud; artifice. (Dictionary.com)

To be deceived by a friend or loved one, is quite an upsetting experience for somebody to have to go through; and would be something which would be quite hard to overcome.

But what if you were deceived during a case study? Is being deceived a way to help others and yourself around you, understand the human mind more? Or could deception cause unknown psychological complications to the client taking part in the study?

Stanley Milgram was interested in human behaviour, so compiled a study whereby he recruited 40 male participants; each believing they were taking part in a study on the role of punishment in learning and memory.

He conducted this experiment to find out why the German people, could permit the extermination of the Jews? Were they just following orders?

He wanted to measure how people would obey instructions regardless if they were morally wrong.

The experimenter who was part of the study wore a lab coat to display his authority over the two participants; either teacher or learner?

Who the experimenter claimed he randomly chose as teacher or learner, was always fixed so that the experimenter’s accomplice was always the learner and would be answering the questions.

More information on Milgrams obedience study can be viewed here; It’s an interesting watch… go see..

Before the experiment had started the experiment, the learner described himself as having a heart condition; but wasn’t serious. This set the seen and basically the teacher would read out a series of questions to the learner and administer an electric shock; should the learner answer the question incorrectly.

Each time the voltage of the shocks would increase for ever wrong answer given.

Milgram would then study how the teacher would react to giving the shocks. When the participants became distressed and asked to stop, the experimenter used prompts to suggest they must continue with the experiment. “You must continue, it’s necessary”.

The results although shocking, found that the study identified the concept of social behaviour and how far people would go to appease to be obedient to a figure of authority.

The fact that the participants had through they had caused suffering to another human being could have caused huge psychological effect. With Milgrams obedience study (1963) and later the Stanford prison study (Philip Zimbardo’s, 1971), deception was added into the British Psychological society (BPS) of ethical guidelines.

Author, M. Cardwell, L. Clark & C. Meldrum (). Psychology for A Level, Second edition COLLINS

 

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Can anger be controlled?

There are many questions to where anger originates. We all know the triggers that cause an emotional response; stress, pressures from work or family life, upset; maybe through a loss of something; but to name a few. But what makes people more irate than their peers?

Can aggression be controlled, something that can be taught and averted back or is it something we are born with?

We all have something that can cause us to respond in a negative way; what really irritates me is rudeness, oh and white van drivers! It’s a catch 22 situation.  When someone shows signs of rudeness towards you, you just want to mimic them back; which then makes you a hypocrite.

Although the nature vs. nurture debate is always heavily criticised, personally I think that although we are all born with the instinct to become angry, it’s the way you are able to learn, recognise and control  your behaviour.

Perhaps aggression can be influenced by a guardian or authority figure; such as Bandura et al (1963) and their study using a Bobo doll or where a life changing event causes feelings of distress and anger can be the only way to cope.